5 common methods to get your seeds going easily!
There are a couple of methods for germinating seeds, they can be used not only for cannabis but for tomatoes, mangos, strawberries…you name it! Here we’ll explain the best-known methods that will get you harvesting in no time.
1. First things first: Know the anatomy of your cannabis seed
The process of germination can take up to 10 days, in order to know if everything’s going well, we need to know a little bit more about the seed. First of all, we need to understand the anatomy of a cannabis seed. The cannabis seed has a dark brown, hard, and often striped, shell.
When germinating, we need to soften it with water, so it can get in touch with the embryo, thus appearing the radicle, the shell will start to detach from the embryo and the first set of leaves, known as Cotyledons or baby leaves, will appear. Those leaves are responsible for feeding the plant until the first set of true leaves appear.
It’s possible to drown the seed, so we need to keep an eye on moisture levels, also make sure it doesn’t dry out.
2. Paper Towel Germination Method
The easiest, and cheapest, of all methods. You’ll need 2 paper towels, a plastic container or plates, and water. First, moisten the paper towels, wring them out so they’re damp but not completely wet, place the seeds on the paper towel fold it over the seeds and place it in a plastic container, cover with the lid to keep moisture in (can also use two plates instead of the plastic container, place the paper towel on a plate and use the other one to cover). Place the container in a slightly warm and dark place.
Remember to check on it daily, we must ensure the paper towels never dry out, the seeds need to keep absorbing moisture, it’s likely that the seeds will never germinate if they don’t. Sprinkle a little bit of water if needed. We’ll know they’re ready to be transplanted when the radicle is around 1 or 2 cm long.
Tip: If the paper towel starts having a bad smell, it’s a sign of too much water, let it dry for a couple of days and check again.
3. Soaking Overnight In A Glass Of Water
After many years of experimenting and looking for the best way to germinate our Fast Buds seeds, we must say that this is definitely one of the most effective ways. This method is especially effective for seeds with a harder shell or older seeds. As the title says, grab a glass cup, fill it half with water, place the glass in a very dark place and soak seeds for up to 32 hours. Most viable seeds will sink after a couple of hours and you should see the radicle after a couple of days.
Remember that some seeds may need longer until you see the radicle coming out. If they haven’t sprouted after 72 hours, add a few drops of hydrogen peroxide to kill accumulated bacteria in the water and return to the darkness for 2 more days.
4. Using A Germination Chamber
When you get a bit more experienced, you’ll wanna look for more professional tools. The germination chamber is one of them. It consists of a plastic base with small square cells (can come with up to 256 cells, each cell supports 1 seed), on top of a heat mat, also comes with a humidity dome, basically looks like a small greenhouse. They’re very cheap and you can make one at home.
5. Rockwool Cubes And Peat Pellets
Rockwool cubes are small cubes made of rock and sand fibers, with the consistency of cotton candy almost, they absorb a lot of water. Usually used for germinating seeds and clones. Using them along with the germinating chamber has an advantage, being easy to transplant to the next medium or container, can be also used along with clay pellets in hydroponics. One of the bad aspects of Rockwool cubes is you can easily overwater and get root rot.
Peat pellets are similar to the Rockwool cubes but are made of compressed peat moss and come in a small disc shape. To germinate in either one of them, we will use the same technique explained before, moisten the Rockwool or peat pellet, make a little hole (1 – 2cm) and place the seed inside, cover it gently without applying pressure and you’re all done, you can place the pellet or cube directly in any type of medium or hydroponics chamber, after sprouting, the roots will continue to grow down, even if they reach the end of the Rockwool or peat pellet.
6. Planting Directly In Medium
Sometimes the simplest way is the better way. As it happens in nature, we can also sprout our seeds in our medium of your preference (coco, soil, perlite, etc..) Just grab a pencil, or even with your fingers, make a little hole (1 – 2cm deep), and place the seed in it, the medium must be moist but not soaking, then cover with soil without applying pressure.
Every time you transplant a seedling, it needs some time to readjust and can cause stress, thus one of the biggest benefits of this method is you don’t have to worry about damaging your seedling when transplanting or shocking it because it already is in his final place.
7. Reminders And Conclusion
Successful germination is considered when you see the first leaves, known as Cotyledons, cannabis seeds germinate correctly with relatively high temperatures and humidity. To successfully reach the flowering stage you’ll have to use different techniques, not only for sprouting but to keep the plant happy and healthy until harvest.
Whether deciding which germination method to chose or getting ready for your first successful grow setup, our advice for beginner growers will be to start with autoflowering strains. If you look for something easy, quick and easy to maintain, like Zkittlez Auto and Gorilla Glue Auto, there’s nothing better than choosing to grow autoflowers.
Remember you need to keep your germinating seeds at 26 – 28C (78.8 – 82.4F) and 70% relative humidity. Lower values will result in a slower, less successful or not successful germination at all.
Good luck with your babies!